André Marie Constant DUMÉRIL - papers on Opiliones

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André Marie Constant DUMÉRIL

Birthdate: 1 January 1774
Birthplace: Amiens, France
Died: 14 August, 1860 Paris
Nationality: French

Biography: André Marie Constant Duméril (1774 - 1860) was a French zoologist. He was professor of anatomy at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle from 1801 to 1812, when he became professor of herpetology and ichthyology. His son Auguste Duméril was also a zoologist. André Marie Constant Duméril was born on 1 January 1774 in Amiens and died on 14 August, 1860 in Paris. He became a very young doctor obtaining, at 19 years, the “prévot” of anatomy at the Medical school of Rouen. In 1800, he left for Paris and collaborated in the drafting of the comparative anatomy lessons of comparative anatomy of Georges Cuvier. He replaced Cuvier at the Central School of the Pantheon and had, for his colleague, Alexandre Brongniart. In 1801, he gave courses to the Medical school of Paris. Under the Restauration , he was elected a member of the Académie des Sciences (French Academy of Sciences) and succeeded, after 1803, Lacépède , who was occupied by his political offices, as professor of herpetology and ichtyology at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. But Duméril only officially received this chair 1825, after the death of Lacépède. He published his Zoologie analytique in 1806. This covered the whole of the animal kingdom and which shows the relations between (then) genera but not species.In 1832, Gabriel Bibron 1806-1848), who became his assistant, has was given the task of describing the species for an expanded version of Zoologie analytique while Nicolaus Michael Oppel (1782-1820) assisted him with a revised higher (than species) systematics. After the untimely death of Bibron, Auguste Duméril, André’s son replaced him. But the death of Bibrondee delayed, for ten years, the publication of the new work. This last book proposes a classification of all the snakes in seven volumes. He was interested all his life in the insects and published several memoires on entomology. His principal entomological work is Entomologie analytique (1860, two volumes). With his son Auguste Duméril, also a zoologist, he created the first vivarium for reptiles of the Jardin des Plantes. Duméril always considered observations on animal behaviour of taxonomic significance. After 1853, he began to cede his position to his son and he retired completely in 1857. He was made a commander of the legion of honor two months before his death.

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Duméril, A. M. C., 1806. Zoologie Analytique, ou methode naturelle de Classification des Animaux. Allais, Paris, 290 pages.

Duméril, A.M.C., 1823. Considérations générales sur la classe des Insectes. 12: 1-272, 60 pl. F. G. Levrault. Paris.


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